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The theories you have to know



BETTLES Learning cycle

Learning is active and social. For deep learning to occur, instruction needs to access and connect to prior knowledge and give learners choices and responsibilities in their own learning experience.


Kolb (1984) The Experiential Learning Cycle

Kolb's experiential learning theory works on two levels: a four-stage cycle of learning and four separate learning styles.  Much of Kolb’s theory is concerned with the learner’s internal cognitive processes.

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Ajzen (1985, 1991) Theory of Planned Behavior

Attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control are shown to be related to appropriate sets of salient behavioral, normative, and control beliefs about the behavior, but the exact nature of these relations is still uncertain.


Mishra & Koehler (2006) TPACK

Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPCK). In doing so, the author posit the complex roles of, and interplay among, three main components of learning environments: content, pedagogy, and technology.



Leader-Member Exchange Theory (LMX Theory)

Based on approach to leadership that focuses on the two-way (dyadic) relationship between leaders and followers. Explains the growth of vertical dyadic workplace influence and team performance in terms of selection and self-selection of informal apprenticeships in leadership.


Ocean Literacy

Ocean Literacy means understanding the ocean’s influence on you and your influence on the ocean. There are 7 principles of Ocean Literacy — ideas scientists and educators agree everyone should understand about the ocean. Join the Network to build a more ocean literate society!



Pro-environmental Behavior

The article analyze the factors that have been found to have some influence, positive or negative, on pro-environmental behavior such as demographic factors, external factors (e.g. institutional, economic, social and cultural) and internal factors (e.g. motivation, pro-environmental knowledge, awareness, values, attitudes, emotion, locus of control, responsibilities and priorities)

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